Getting started with Hydrogen and Oxygen
Hydrogen and Oxygen is Shopify’s recommended stack for building headless commerce. It includes a set of opinionated components, utilities, and tools that represent Shopify’s best practices for building custom storefronts on the web.
What you’ll buildAnchor link to section titled "What you’ll build"
In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to complete the following tasks:
- Creating a new Hydrogen app using example data
- Running Hydrogen in your local development environment
- Setting up continuous deployment with GitHub and Oxygen
- Deploying your app to production with your own store inventory
RequirementsAnchor link to section titled "Requirements"
- Node.js v16.13+
- npm v8.1.2+ (Learn more about using alternate package managers)
You don't need a Shopify account to try Hydrogen. However, to connect to store inventory and deploy your app to Oxygen hosting, you'll need a Shopify account on a Basic, Shopify, Advanced, or Plus plan. Development stores aren’t supported at this time.
Step 1: Create a new Hydrogen appAnchor link to section titled "Step 1: Create a new Hydrogen app"
In your terminal, run the following command:
The Hydrogen CLI prompts you with several questions as part of your project setup. Some prompts are optional and can be skipped or set up later.
|Select Mock.shop to use example product data, with no API token required. Install the Hydrogen channel to connect your Shopify store inventory.
|The name of the directory that contains the project files.
|Select how to manage CSS. Select from Tailwind, Vanilla Extract, CSS modules, or ordinary CSS. You can skip this step and set up CSS support later.
|Select Yes to install all dependencies with npm. Select No to install dependencies yourself.
|Hydrogen CLI commands are run in the project folder with the command
npx shopify hydrogen. To shorten this command to
h2, select Yes.
|Hydrogen can automatically set up standard Shopify routes for you, such as the product detail page, collection indexes, and more. You can skip this step and scaffold routes later with
|In addition to creating standard routes, Hydrogen can create routes that support multiple languages and currencies with Shopify Markets. You can skip this step and scaffold routes later with
h2 setup markets.
|Set up later
Hydrogen completes the setup process and displays a summary of the project details in your terminal, similar to the following example:
Step 2: Run your Hydrogen appAnchor link to section titled "Step 2: Run your Hydrogen app"
In your Hydrogen project directory, run the following terminal command:
Hydrogen starts a local development server. Open http://localhost:3000 to view your app.
You can make edits to JSX or TSX files in the
app/routes directory and see them reflected in the local app. Hydrogen watches your project files and reload the server every time you save your changes.
At this point, you have a working Hydrogen app that uses example data from Mock.shop:
Step 3: Install the Hydrogen channelAnchor link to section titled "Step 3: Install the Hydrogen channel"
To start displaying real product data and making continuous deployments to Oxygen, you’ll need to install the necessary apps on Shopify and GitHub, push your codebase to GitHub, and connect the GitHub repository to Shopify.
Install the required appsAnchor link to section titled "Install the required apps"
The following apps enable you to connect a Hydrogen repository on GitHub to Shopify’s Oxygen hosting platform:
- Install the Shopify GitHub App from GitHub Marketplace.
- Install the Hydrogen channel from the Shopify App Store.
Push your Hydrogen app repository to GitHubAnchor link to section titled "Push your Hydrogen app repository to GitHub"
New Hydrogen apps are created as Git repositories by default, so your app is ready to push to GitHub. Follow GitHub's instructions for pushing your local repository to GitHub.
Connect your GitHub repo to the Hydrogen channelAnchor link to section titled "Connect your GitHub repo to the Hydrogen channel"
The Hydrogen channel manages the connection between GitHub and Shopify’s Oxygen hosting platform. The channel watches the repo for changes and automatically deploys your Hydrogen app with each update.
Follow these steps to make the first deployment of your Hydrogen app on Oxygen:
- In the Shopify admin, under Sales channels, click Hydrogen.
- Click Create storefront.
- Enter your storefront name.
- Select your GitHub account or organization from the dropdown.
- Enter your repository name to filter down the options and select the repository.
- Click Create.
Oxygen pulls a copy of your Hydrogen app codebase and automatically creates a preview deployment. The Shopify GitHub app also automatically opens a pull request in your repo to add a GitHub Actions workflow file to handle future deployments. Merge the PR to start continuous deployment.
At this point, your Hydrogen channel overview will look similar the following:
In this case, the warning label indicates that the Oxygen workflow file hasn't yet been merged.
Step 4: Merge your Oxygen workflow fileAnchor link to section titled "Step 4: Merge your Oxygen workflow file"
To start making production deployments, Oxygen requires a GitHub Actions workflow file in your repository. The Shopify GitHub app automatically opens a pull request to create this file when you connect a new repo.
Follow these steps to finish configuring your Hydrogen app for continuous deployment to Oxygen:
- In the Hydrogen channel, click the name of the storefront that you just created.
- Click Review and merge on GitHub to open the pull request in a new tab.
- Follow GitHub’s prompts to merge the PR.
- Close the tab to return to the Hydrogen storefront overview.
Oxygen will automatically create a new deployment in your production environment and continue watching your repo for updates. Each time you push one or more commits to your repo, Oxygen will create a new preview deployment with your changes.
Sync environment variablesAnchor link to section titled "Sync environment variables"
After your Hydrogen app is deployed to Oxygen, it automatically displays any store inventory published to the Hydrogen sales channel. However, your local development environment will still show example data from Mock.shop.
This happens when your app is using different environment variables in Oxygen and in your local dev environment.
To synchronize these environment variables, use the Shopify CLI
link command to link your local environment to Oxygen:
- In your terminal, navigate to your Hydrogen app project directory.
- Run the command
npx shopify hydrogen link.
- The CLI opens a browser window to authenticate. If prompted, log in to your Shopify store. Close the browser window.
- If prompted, select the Shopify account to connect to.
- Select the Hydrogen storefront to link.
To confirm that the connection succeeded, run
npm run dev and open http://localhost:3000. Your local development app now displays production store data.
At this point, you've created a Hydrogen app, connected the Hydrogen channel, and started making continuous deployments with Oxygen. There are several things you might want to do at this point.