Layouts are the base of the theme, through which all templates are rendered.
Layouts are Liquid files that allow you to include content, that should be repeated on multiple page types, in a single location. For example, layouts are a good place to include any content you might want in your
<head> element, as well as headers and footers.
You can edit the default
theme.liquid layout, or you can create multiple custom layout files to suit your needs. You can specify which layout to use, or whether to use a layout at all, at the template level:
In JSON templates, the layout that's used to render a page is specified using the
In Liquid templates, the layout that's used to render a page is specified using the
Layout files are located in the
layout directory of the theme:
There are the following layout types:
|General||General layouts can apply to all non-checkout pages.
The default layout file, which must be included in all themes, is
|Checkout||This layout type applies to all checkout pages. It's available to Shopify Plus merchants only.
To learn more about this layout, refer to checkout.liquid.
Because layout files are the base of the theme, they should follow the structure of a standard HTML document in most cases. Most layout files also contain the following Liquid objects:
Layout files are
.liquid files, so content can be built using standard HTML and Liquid.
Layouts can access any global Liquid objects and can contain the following Liquid objects:
content_for_headerAnchor link to section titled "content_for_header"
content_for_header object is required in
theme.liquid. It must be placed inside the HTML
<head> tag. It dynamically loads all scripts required by Shopify into the document head. These scripts are required for features like reCAPTCHA, Shopify apps, and more.
You shouldn't try to modify or parse the
content_for_header object. If
content_for_header changes, then the behavior of your Liquid will change.
content_for_layoutAnchor link to section titled "content_for_layout"
content_for_layout object dynamically outputs the content for each template. You need to add a reference to this object between the
</body> HTML tags.
When working with layout files, you should familiarize yourself with the following concepts:
Support template-specific CSS selectorsAnchor link to section titled "Support template-specific CSS selectors"
You can help create CSS rules for specific templates by outputting data from the
template object in the
<body> tag’s class.