Schema locale files

Schema locale files are JSON files with a .schema.json file extension. They host translation strings for various setting schema attributes so that content in the theme editor can be translated to the store's active language.

To learn which attributes can be translated, refer to Translatable attributes.

Location

Schema locale files are located in the locales directory of the theme:

Schema

Schema locale files need to follow a specific naming structure. They also follow a basic organizational structure:

  • Category: The top-level category of your translations.
  • Group: The second level grouping of translations within a category.
  • Description: The third level, which represents the individual translations.

Name structure

Locale file naming must follow the standard IETF language tag nomenclature, where the first lowercase letter code represents the language, and the second uppercase letter code represents the region.

For example:

Language Format
English - Great Britain en-GB.schema.json
Spanish - Spain es-ES.schema.json
French - Canada fr-CA.schema.json

If a language isn’t region specific, you can use the 2-letter lowercase language representation.

For example:

Language Format
Finnish - All regions fi.schema.json

Additionally, you must designate a default locale file.

The default locale file

You must designate a default locale file in the format of *.default.schema.json, where * is your selected language. This file contains the translations for the default language of the theme. Only one default file is permitted.

Most themes use en.default.schema.json, which sets the default locale of the theme to English.

Content

Schema locale files allow you to create translations for the following setting attributes:

Parent Attribute
All settings

info

label

settings_schema.json

Section schema

block

name
select group

html

number

text

textarea

video_url

placeholder

range unit

header

paragraph

content
presets

name

category

Usage

When working with schema locale files, you should familiarize yourself with referencing schema translations.

Reference schema translations

Schema translations can be accessed with code in the the following format:

For example, to make the name attribute of the product.liquid section translatable, use the following: